The COVID-19 has dominated global headlines for months, and you could be overwhelmed by the amount of information you've seen, however, how much do you really know about the coronavirus? Take this test, learn more about it and get the correct info to protect yourself and loved ones, together, each of us could play our parts to fight against the pandemic.
What Is COVID-19? The COVID-19 is an ongoing global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019, caused by highly transmissible severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The outbreak was first identified in December 2019 in Wuhan, China. The World Health Organization declared the outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern on 30 January 2020 and a pandemic on 11 March. As of 21 August 2020, more than 22.5 million cases of COVID-19 have been reported in more than 188 countries and territories, resulting in more than 792,000 deaths; more than 14.4 million people have recovered.
How Does COVID-19 Spread? The virus is spread primarily via nose and mouth secretions including small droplets produced by coughing, sneezing, and talking. The droplets usually do not travel through air over long distances. However, those standing in close proximity may inhale these droplets and become infected. People may also become infected by touching a contaminated surface and then touching their face. The transmission may also occur through smaller droplets that are able to stay suspended in the air for longer periods of time in enclosed spaces. It is most contagious during the first three days after the onset of symptoms, although spread is possible before symptoms appear, and from people who do not show symptoms.
What Are The Symptoms of COVID-19? Common symptoms include fever, cough, fatigue, shortness of breath, and loss of sense of smell. Complications may include pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome. The time from exposure to onset of symptoms is typically around five days but may range from two to fourteen days. There are several vaccine candidates in development, although none have completed clinical trials to prove their safety and efficacy. There is no known specific antiviral medication, so primary treatment is currently symptomatic.
What Are The Preventive Measures of COVID-19? Recommended preventive measures include hand washing, covering one's mouth when coughing, maintaining distance from other people, wearing a face mask in public settings, disinfecting surfaces, increasing ventilation and air filtration indoors, and monitoring and self-isolation for people who suspect they are infected. Authorities worldwide have responded by implementing travel restrictions, lockdowns, workplace hazard controls, and facility closures in order to slow the spread of the disease. Many places have also worked to increase testing capacity and trace contacts of infected persons.
What Are The Impacts of COVID-19? The pandemic has caused global social and economic disruption, including the largest global recession since the Great Depression. Up to 100 million people have fallen into extreme poverty and global famines are affecting 265 million people. It has led to the postponement or cancellation of sporting, religious, political, and cultural events, widespread supply shortages exacerbated by panic buying, and decreased emissions of pollutants and greenhouse gases. Schools, universities, and colleges have been closed either on a nationwide or local basis in 161 countries, affecting approximately 98.6 percent of the world's student population. Misinformation about the virus has circulated through social media and mass media. There have been incidents of xenophobia and discrimination against Chinese people and against those perceived as being Chinese or as being from areas with high infection rates.
COVID-19 Knowledge Quiz Sample Questions
Q1. Which of the following is not an effective ways to protect yourself and others against COVID-19?
A. clean your hands frequently and thoroughly.
B. avoid touching your eyes, mouth and nose.
C. cover your cough with the bend of elbow or tissue.
D. maintain a distance of at least 1 meter from others.
E. drinking more water and eat organic food.
Q2. How can we protect ourselves if we do not know who is infected?
A. practicing hand and respiratory hygiene at all times.
B. maintain social distance, keep a distance of at least 1 meter from others.
C. try not to go to crowded places.
D. all of the above.
Q3. Which of the following statement is not true about coronavirus?
A. Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses which may cause illness in animals or humans.
B. All coronaviruses will cause respiratory infections.
C. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome(SARS) are coronaviruses.
D. COVID-19 is an infectious coronavirus which was first identified in December 2019.
Q4. Which of the following statement is false?
A. Most people (80%) with COVID-19 experience only mild symptoms.
B. It is impossible to catch COVID-19 from someone who has a mild cough and does not feel ill.
C. People with no symptoms can transmit COVID-19 virus.
Q5. Which of the following statement is NOT true?
Answers Are :
A. most people (about 80%) recover from COVID-19 without needing hospital treatment.
B. around 1 out of every 5 (about 20%) people who gets COVID-19 becomes seriously ill and develops difficulty breathing.
C. older people, and those with underlying medical problems like high blood pressure, heart and lung problems, diabetes, or cancer, are at higher risk of developing serious illness.
D. young people (age < 20) are less likely to catch COVID-19 and become seriously ill.
Q1 (E), Q2 (D), Q3 (B), Q4 (B), Q5 (D),